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Resumo

TREMEDAL - Inland wetlands of Northern Iberian Peninsula: management and restoration of mires and wet environments. LIFE11 NAT/ES/000707

El proyecto LIFE+TREMEDAL busca mejorar el estado de conservación de los tipos de hábitats turbosos e higrófilos de un conjunto de humedales continentales del norte de la Península Ibérica.
 
TREMEDAL es un proyecto LIFE Naturaleza que tiene como objetivo mejorar el estado de conservación y garantizar la supervivencia a largo plazo de algunos tipos de hábitats y especies de interés comunitario asociados a humedales continentales del norte de la Península Ibérica.
 
Para lograrlo va a desarrollar las siguientes acciones:
 
1.- Mejora del conocimiento, obteniendo información actualizada y homogénea sobre la presencia, distribución y caracterización de los hábitats de turbera, y recopilarndo experiencias para su mejor gestión y restauración.

2.- Ejecutar proyectos para la restauración y conservación de estos hábitats (cambio del uso agrícola, medidas de corrección hidrológica y topográfica, medidas de revegetación y recuperación de los hábitats de interés, erradicación de especies exóticas e instalación de infraestructuras de gestión ganadera).
 
 3.- Información y sensibilización de la sociedad sobre los valores y servicios ambientales que proporcionan los humedales continentales en general y los hábitats de turbera y medios higrófilos en particular.
 
Entre los Hábitats de Interés Comunitario y Prioritarios que son objeto del proyecto destacan algunos tipos de turberas ácidas de esfagnos (7130*, 7140, 7150), áreas pantanosas calcáreas (7210*, 7230) y prados húmedos y de siega (6410, 6510), y lagos kársticos sobre yesos (3190). Entre las especies de flora de Interés Comunitario que son objeto del proyecto destacan Eryngium viviparum, Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. nobilis y Spiranthes aestivalis.
 

FICHA OFICIAL

1.- Project data
 
Coordinator: Gestión Ambiental de Navarra SL. (GANASA), Arabo For Aldundia.
Type of organisation; Public Enterprise
Partners: IBADER (USC), INDUROT (UNIOVI), HAZI, TRAGSA
Collaborator: Xunta de Galicia, Gobierno del Principado de Asturias, Junta de Castilla y León, Gobierno Vasco, Gobierno de Navarra, Deputación de Lugo, Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa, Agencia Vasca del Agua, Jardin Botánico Atlántico.
 
Project reference: LIFE11 NAT/ES/000707
Duration: 01/07/2012 to 31/10/2015
Total Budget: 2,824,867.00 €
EU contribution: 1,412,433.00 €
Project location: Galicia (España), Asturias(España), País Vasco (España), Navarra(España)
 
Project Manager: Asun BERASTEGI
Project Manager USC: Pablo RAMIL REGO

2.- Project description:

Background
 
Peaty and wet habitats are types of wetlands found mainly in Northern Europe with its cold and damp climate. Whilst scarce in the Iberian Peninsula, some isolated examples are found in mountain areas. These ecosystems are not well-known or valued by the local population, or wider society, thus contributing to their degradation (and in some cases destruction) through use in ways not compatible with conservation. The project involves a group of inland wetlands in Northern Iberia that are included in the Natura 2000 Network or are important for the connectivity of Natura 2000 sites. They contain habitats of Community interest, some of them priority habitat types, including seven different types of peat habitat, as well as other wet habitats. The sites also contain important populations of key species. For example, there are estimated to be 1 150 examples of the plant Eryngium viviparum within the Parga-Larda-Támoga SCI, 5.7% of the population for the whole of Spain.

Objectives
 
The overall intention of the 'TREMEDAL' project is to improve the conservation status and resilience of the peaty and wet habitat types in the project locations. It will conduct restoration actions and look to implement good management measures to reduce the threats that negatively impact on the habitats. The project will increase understanding and awareness of the habitat types by collating and updating information about the presence, distribution and description of the wet and peaty habitats in and around the Atlantic Biogeographic Region of the Iberian Peninsula. It will look to define management guidelines as well as common indicators to monitor the conservation status of the target habitat types. Concrete restoration actions will include taking hydrologic and topographic measures to halt degradation and implementing targeted management actions to reduce threats and causes of habitat destruction. These will include actions to eradicate invasive species, remove harmful infrastructure introduced for livestock management, and change forestry and recreational practices that have a negative impact on the target habitats. The project will also establish a germplasm bank of threatened structural plant species to ensure their long-term survival. Beyond the specific actions on the target sites, the project will seek to increase knowledge about the management and restoration of these types of habitats at local, national and EU levels. It will also aim to inform and raise awareness about the values and environmental benefit provided by inland wetlands in general and peaty and wet environments in particular.
 
Expected results
Quantified results will include:
 
Restoration and improved conservation status of: some 85 ha ha of habitats 4020*, 7140 and 7150 at eight locations in Navarra; 6 000 m2 of mires habitat and 5 000 m2 of habitat 7210* at six locations in Jaizkibel SCI; habitat type 3180 in Lago de Arreo SCI - providing also a protection area with natural vegetation to habitat types 7210*, 7230, 1410 and 1510*; habitat types 7130 and 7230 in two peat locations within the Picos de Europa SCIs; 1.3 ha of habitat types 4020*, 6410 and 3110; 1 ha of 7210*and 91E0*; and 2.6 ha of 3110, 6410, 6430 and 91E0* inside the Parga-Larda-Támoga SCI; and habitat type 7140 at Usabelartza in the Río Leizarán SCI;
Increasing by 50% of the population of the target species Eryngium viviparum* (within the Parga-Larda-Támoga SCI); Carex hostiana (in Belate and Arxuri); and Rhynchospora fusca and Spiranthes aestivalis (in Arxuri);
Improved biodiversity in the target habitats;
Creation of a germplasm bank of threatened structural plant species;
Reports and a (GIS) database on the presence, distribution and description of wet and peaty habitats in the Atlantic Biogeographic Region of the Iberian Peninsula;
Increased connectivity and ecologic coherence of the Nature 2000 network, potentially including the extension of some SCIs; and
Increased awareness of these important habitats and their protection in the project area and in other regions.
 
Themes

Habitats - Bogs and Mires

Keywords

protected area‚  wetland‚  management plan‚  restoration measure

Target species

 Eryngium viviparum   Narcissus pseudonarcissus ssp. nobilis   Spiranthes aestivalis 

Target Habitat types

6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
7130 Blanket bogs (* if active bog)
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs
7150 Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae
7230 Alkaline fens
91E0 "Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi)
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae)
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)

Natura 2000 sites
 
SCI ES0000129 Sierra de Artxuga, Zarikieta y Montes de Areta
SCI ES0000003 PICOS DE EUROPA
SCI ES1120003 Parga - Ladra - Támoga
SCI ES1200001 Picos de Europa (Asturias)
SCI ES2120013 Leitzaran ibaia / Río Leitzaran
SCI ES2120017 Jaizkibel
SCI ES2200015 Regata de Orabidea y turbera de Arxuri
SCI ES2200018 Belate
SCI ES2200019 Monte Alduide
SCI ES2200025 Sistema fluvial de los ríos Irati, Urrobi y Erro
SCI ES2110007 Arreo-Caicedo de Yusoko lakua / Lago de Arreo-Caicedo de Yuso
 

Web site

Tremedal